The Common Core is a set of academic standards in mathematics and ELA, English language arts/literacy. These learning goals outline what a student should know and be able to do at the end of each grade. To date, the majority of U.S. states have adopted or are beginning to adopt these standards in the classroom. (Check out this map to see where exactly the CCSS has been adopted.)
The Common Core State Standards (CCSS) initiative aims to make them the same for all education systems.
What Do the Standards Look Like?
The Common Core State Standards are consistent, clear benchmarks for English language arts and mathematics. These two subjects are the focus of the CCSS because they provide skill sets necessary for success in other areas of study as well.
The National Governors Association Center for Best Practices and the Council for Chief State School Officers have started the initiative and continue to lead with the assistance of teachers, parents, and school administrators across the country to completely standardize benchmarks for students’ learning goals.
How the Common Core Works
The uniform benchmarks set by the Common Core State Standards were designed to ensure that all students will develop the necessary skills and knowledge for them to succeed in college and life after graduation. Regardless of where a student lives, these clear expectations have been matched up against workforce training programs, and college and employer expectations.
Additionally, the Common Core allows state school systems to collaborate on tools and policies including:
- The development of textbooks, digital media and other teaching materials
- The development and implementation of common comprehensive assessment systems that replace existing state testing systems used to measure annual student performance and provide teachers with feedback
- The development of tools and reinforcement to help educators and schools provide the means to ensure students are able to learn and understand the new standards
These opportunities for educational collaboration can help promote preparedness among students for future collaboration within the workforce in the U.S. and abroad.
5th Grade Math Problems: Common Core Alignment and What It All Means
To give you a better understanding, here are the specific areas in which students can expect to be tested in Common Core math for 5th grade. At this grade level, there are three critical areas that should be focused on in class.
These areas include topics of operations and algebraic thinking, numbers and operations in base ten, numbers and operations—fractions, measurement and data, and geometry.
Three Critical Areas
- Students represent the addition and subtraction of fractions with unlike denominators as equivalent calculations with like denominators, add and subtract fractions with unlike denominators, multiply and divide fractions, and divide unit fractions by whole numbers and whole numbers by unit fractions.
- Students perform operations involving multi-digit addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division; add and subtract decimals to the hundredths place; estimate and/or round the results of these operations, including computing products and quotients of decimals to the hundredths place.
- Students begin to comprehend the use of variables and write and evaluate mathematical expressions and equations that correspond with a given situation.
By familiarizing themselves with the expectations set by Common Core math for 5th grade along with the math domains likely to be tested on statewide standardized assessments, parents and students can better prepare themselves for these highly challenging tests.
More information on Common Core math for 5th grade can be viewed here.